Information About Columbia

The total estimated population is 292,470. Density is low at 1,010 persons per square mile.

Races of Residents

Population by Race: White: 150,748; Black: 127,361; Asian: 5,900; Two or More Races: 4,053; American Indian: 733; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander: 247; Other Race: 3,428; Hispanic Population: Hispanic or Latino: 8,154 (3%); Not Hispanic or Latino: 284,316 (97%)

There are 12,501 foreign born residents, of which 40.7% are naturalized citizens.

Most Common Birthplaces

Foreign Born: Mexico: 1,353; Germany: 1,298; India: 1,125; Korea: 1,012; China (not including Hong Kong or Taiwan): 697; Canada: 538; United Kingdom: 449; U.S. Born: This State: 170,917; South: 55,446; Northeast: 24,010; Midwest: 16,422; West: 7,741;

Most Common Foreign Birthplaces in Columbia Most Common US Birthplaces in Columbia

The sex distribution is 48% male and 52% female. The median age is 32 years.

Age Distribution

There are 20,870 married couples with children and 12,622 single-parent households (1,683 men, 10,939 women).

The median household income is $34,156 in 1999 dollars.

Median Household Income Comparisons

U.S.: $41,994; South Carolina: $37,082; Columbia: $34,156;

14% of the population lives below the poverty line.

Poverty Level Comparisons

U.S.: 12%; South Carolina: 14%; Columbia: 14%;

Household Income Distribution

In thousands of dollars.

Work Type and Occupations

Work Type: Private wage and salary: 86,398; Government: 36,067; Self-employed: 6,086; Unpaid family work: 289; Occupation: Management, professional, and related: 56,324; Sales and office: 37,850; Professional and related: 35,933; Office and administrative support: 21,504; Service: 20,902; Management, business, and financial operations: 20,391;

Work Types in Columbia Common Occupations in Columbia

The average commute time is 22 minutes to and from work.

Transportation to Work

Car or truck (drove alone): 109,192; Car or truck (carpooled): 16,767; Walked: 8,467; Worked at home: 3,378; Public transportation: 3,066; Bicycle: 290; Motorcycle: 125;

Transportation to work methods in Columbia

Educational Attainment

Percent of population in Columbia.

There are 119,836 housing units, of which 75,993 are single family homes.

Owner vs. Renter Occupied Housing

All Housing Units: Owner: 64,055; Renter: 47,030; Vacant: 8,751; Owner-Occupied: Mortgaged: 48,504; Not Mortgaged: 15,551;

Owner vs. Renter Occupied Housing in Columbia

The median single family home value is $89,192.

Median Monthly Cost for Mortgaged Homes

U.S.: $1,088; South Carolina: $894; Columbia: $811;

Median Rent for Rental Units

U.S.: $519; South Carolina: $397; Columbia: $415;

The average household size is 2 and the median number of rooms in housing units is 5.

Housing Units By Year Built

1939 or earlier: 6,651; 1940 to 1949: 6,658; 1950 to 1959: 14,968; 1960 to 1969: 20,560; 1970 to 1979: 28,055; 1980 to 1989: 21,677; 1990 to 1994: 9,386; 1995 to 1998: 9,029; 1999 to March 2000: 2,852;

0.5% of homes lack plumbing and 2.1% lack telephone service.

Commonly Used Home Heating Fuel

Electricity: 62,010; Utility Gas: 46,352; Bottled, tank, or LP gas: 1,387; Fuel oil, kerosene, etc.: 723;

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