Information About District of Columbia

The total estimated population is 572,059. Density is high at 9,316 persons per square mile.

Races of Residents

Population by Race: White: 558,613; American Indian: 343,312; Black: 176,101; Two or More Races: 21,950; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander: 15,189; Asian: 1,713; Other Race: 348; Hispanic Population: Hispanic or Latino: 572,059 (100%); Not Hispanic or Latino: 0 (0%)

There are 73,561 foreign born residents, of which 30.0% are naturalized citizens.

Most Common Birthplaces

Foreign Born: El Salvador: 15,886; Jamaica: 3,225; China (not including Hong Kong or Taiwan): 2,210; United Kingdom: 2,192; Ethopia: 2,158; Mexico: 1,984; Guatemala: 1,888; U.S. Born: This State: 224,352; South: 133,661; Northeast: 67,960; Midwest: 33,480; West: 31,910;

Most Common Foreign Birthplaces in District of Columbia Most Common US Birthplaces in District of Columbia

The sex distribution is 47% male and 53% female. The median age is 35 years.

Age Distribution

There are 57,535 married couples with children and 47,527 single-parent households (495 men, 47,032 women).

The median household income is $40,127 in 1999 dollars.

Median Household Income Comparisons

U.S.: $41,994; District of Columbia: $40,127;

20% of the population lives below the poverty line.

Poverty Level Comparisons

U.S.: 12%; District of Columbia: 20%;

Household Income Distribution

In thousands of dollars.

Work Type and Occupations

Work Type: Private wage and salary: 138,579; Government: 68,256; Self-employed: 13,641; Unpaid family work: 391; Occupation: Management, professional, and related: 134,387; Professional and related: 85,023; Sales and office: 59,966; Management, business, and financial operations: 49,364; Office and administrative support: 42,430; Service: 42,308;

Work Types in District of Columbia Common Occupations in District of Columbia

The average commute time is 31 minutes to and from work.

Transportation to Work

Car or truck (drove alone): 100,168; Public transportation: 86,493; Walked: 30,785; Car or truck (carpooled): 28,607; Worked at home: 9,930; Bicycle: 3,035; Motorcycle: 202;

Transportation to work methods in District of Columbia

Educational Attainment

Percent of population in District of Columbia.

There are 274,845 housing units, of which 108,999 are single family homes.

Owner vs. Renter Occupied Housing

All Housing Units: Owner: 101,214; Renter: 147,124; Vacant: 26,507; Owner-Occupied: Mortgaged: 73,153; Not Mortgaged: 28,061;

Owner vs. Renter Occupied Housing in District of Columbia

The median single family home value is $157,200.

Median Monthly Cost for Mortgaged Homes

U.S.: $1,088; District of Columbia: $1,291;

Median Rent for Rental Units

U.S.: $519; District of Columbia: $577;

The average household size is 2 and the median number of rooms in housing units is 4.

Housing Units By Year Built

1939 or earlier: 95,056; 1940 to 1949: 46,082; 1950 to 1959: 46,785; 1960 to 1969: 42,122; 1970 to 1979: 23,859; 1980 to 1989: 13,695; 1990 to 1994: 3,437; 1995 to 1998: 2,649; 1999 to March 2000: 1,160;

1.4% of homes lack plumbing and 2.5% lack telephone service.

Commonly Used Home Heating Fuel

Utility Gas: 162,467; Electricity: 60,016; Fuel oil, kerosene, etc.: 17,047; Bottled, tank, or LP gas: 4,408;