Information About Texas

The total estimated population is 20,851,820. Density is very low at 80 persons per square mile.

Races of Residents

Population by Race: White: 20,337,187; Black: 14,799,505; Two or More Races: 2,438,001; American Indian: 2,404,566; Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander: 562,319; Asian: 118,362; Other Race: 14,434; Hispanic Population: Hispanic or Latino: 20,851,820 (100%); Not Hispanic or Latino: 0 (0%)

There are 2,899,642 foreign born residents, of which 31.5% are naturalized citizens.

Most Common Birthplaces

Foreign Born: Mexico: 1,879,369; Vietnam: 107,027; El Salvador: 101,259; India: 78,388; Philippines: 45,907; Germany: 39,249; China (not including Hong Kong or Taiwan): 38,813; U.S. Born: This State: 12,970,203; South: 1,856,564; Midwest: 1,369,654; West: 939,116; Northeast: 591,857;

Most Common Foreign Birthplaces in Texas Most Common US Birthplaces in Texas

The sex distribution is 50% male and 50% female. The median age is 32 years.

Age Distribution

There are 1,258,053 married couples with children and 959,306 single-parent households (21,717 men, 937,589 women).

The median household income is $39,927 in 1999 dollars.

Median Household Income Comparisons

U.S.: $41,994; Texas: $39,927;

15% of the population lives below the poverty line.

Poverty Level Comparisons

U.S.: 12%; Texas: 15%;

Household Income Distribution

In thousands of dollars.

Work Type and Occupations

Work Type: Private wage and salary: 6,681,164; Government: 1,346,738; Self-employed: 602,370; Unpaid family work: 77,469; Occupation: Management, professional, and related: 3,078,757; Sales and office: 2,515,596; Professional and related: 1,824,255; Office and administrative support: 1,424,253; Service: 1,351,270; Management, business, and financial operations: 1,254,502;

Work Types in Texas Common Occupations in Texas

The average commute time is 27 minutes to and from work.

Transportation to Work

Car or truck (drove alone): 7,115,590; Car or truck (carpooled): 1,326,012; Worked at home: 252,024; Walked: 173,670; Public transportation: 170,268; Bicycle: 21,551; Motorcycle: 12,068;

Transportation to work methods in Texas

Educational Attainment

Percent of population in Texas.

There are 8,157,575 housing units, of which 5,420,910 are single family homes.

Owner vs. Renter Occupied Housing

All Housing Units: Owner: 4,716,959; Renter: 2,676,395; Vacant: 764,221; Owner-Occupied: Mortgaged: 3,028,955; Not Mortgaged: 1,688,004;

Owner vs. Renter Occupied Housing in Texas

The median single family home value is $82,500.

Median Monthly Cost for Mortgaged Homes

U.S.: $1,088; Texas: $986;

Median Rent for Rental Units

U.S.: $519; Texas: $490;

The average household size is 3 and the median number of rooms in housing units is 5.

Housing Units By Year Built

1939 or earlier: 437,809; 1940 to 1949: 441,172; 1950 to 1959: 895,282; 1960 to 1969: 1,096,908; 1970 to 1979: 1,753,545; 1980 to 1989: 1,843,009; 1990 to 1994: 615,612; 1995 to 1998: 788,815; 1999 to March 2000: 285,423;

1.3% of homes lack plumbing and 3.2% lack telephone service.

Commonly Used Home Heating Fuel

Electricity: 3,651,110; Utility Gas: 3,192,579; Bottled, tank, or LP gas: 469,684; Wood: 32,046;